Conversación situada como cosa cosmos: pobrecito calama, tan lejos de dios y tan cerca de codelco

Autores

  • Pablo Hermansen Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Martín Tironi Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Manuela Garretón Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
  • Ricardo Vega Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Resumo

Resumen: El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir densamente algunas de las controversias que agitan la ciudad de Calama mediante el examen de un “evento” (WILKIE, 2014): nuestra “conversación situada” (HARAWAY, 1988) con Pablo Guzmán por las calles del centro de Calama, ciudad natal de Guzmán. Esta conversación se analizará bajo la noción de “cosa cosmos” (TRESCH, 2005; LATOUR, 2007a) la que precipita dos suposiciones teóricas y metodológicas. Primero, considerar simétricamente a los actores humanos y no humanos, renunciando a supuestos ontológicos esencialistas y cerrados; Segundo, que es factible representar y reconstruir la atmósfera controversial a partir de la descripción densa de un evento. La noción de cosa cosmos nos permite ir más allá de un enfoque externalista y desencarnado de las controversias (CEFAÏ; TERZI, 2012), para comprender su constitución atendiendo a la actuación de los actores. En el presente trabajo, utilizamos texto, mapas, fotos y otros medios para registrar y describir esta experiencia localizada. La conversación situada con Pablo Guzmán a través de Calama desafía la efectividad de una representación puramente verbal, requiriendo nuevos métodos de investigación y formas de representación.

Palabras clave: Controversias; Cosmopolítica; Visualización; Cosa Cosmos; Calama.

 

Situated conversation as cosmic thing: poor calama, so far from god and so close to codelco

Abstract: The aim of the present work is to thickly describe some of the controversies that agitate Calama city based on the examination of one “event” (WILKIE, 2014): our "situated conversation" (HARAWAY, 1988) with Pablo Guzman through the streets of Calama Center, Guzman's hometown. This conversation is analyzed under the notion of "cosmic thing" (TRESCH, 2005; LATOUR, 2007a) to precipitate two theoretical and methodological suppositions. First, to consider symmetrically human and non-human actors, giving up essentialist and closed ontological assumptions; second, that is feasible to represent and reconstruct the whole controversial atmosphere from the thick description of an event. The notion of "cosmic thing" allows us to go beyond an externalist and disembodied approach of the controversies (CEFAÏ; TERZI, 2012), to comprehend its constitution attending the actors' performance. In the present work, we use text, maps, photos and other media to record and describe this located experience. The situated conversation with Pablo Guzmán through Calama challenges the effectiveness of a purely verbal representation, requiring new research methods and representation forms.

Keywords: Controversies; Cosmopolitics; Visualization; Cosmic Thing; Calama.

 

Conversa situada como coisa cosmos: pobrecito calama, tão longe de deus e tão próximo de codelco

Resumo: O objetivo deste artigo é descrever densamente algumas das controvérsias que agitam a cidade de Calama, examinando um “evento” (WILKIE, 2014): nossa “conversa localizada” (HARAWAY, 1988) com Pablo Guzmán pelas ruas do centro de Calama, cidade natal de Guzmán. Esta conversa será analisada sob a noção de “coisa cosmos” (TRESCH, 2005; LATOUR, 2007a), que conduz a dois pressupostos teóricos e metodológicos. Primeiro, considerar simetricamente os atores humanos e não-humanos, evitando considerações ontológicas essencialistas e fechadas. Em segundo lugar, que é viável representar e reconstruir a atmosfera controversa a partir da descrição densa de um evento. A noção de “coisa cosmos” nos permite ir além de um foco externo e desencarnado das controvérsias (CEFAÏ; TERZI, 2012), para compreender sua constituição considerando o dos atores. Neste artigo, usamos texto, mapas, fotos e outros meios de comunicação para registrar e descrever esta experiência localizada. A conversa localizada com Pablo Guzmán através de Calama desafia a eficácia de uma representação puramente verbal, exigindo novos métodos de pesquisa e formas de representação.

Palavras-chave: Controvérsias; Cosmopolítica; Visualização; Coisa Cosmos; Calama.

 

 

Biografia do Autor

Pablo Hermansen, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Pablo Hermansen is Designer and PhD in Architecture and Urban Studies. As Associate Professor at the School of Design of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile he conducts the Interaction Design Studio. As a professional designer, Hermansen has worked in photography, printed media and interactive installations, especially for museums and multimedia exhibitions. Methodologically, his interests are on qualitative research with visual media (photoethnography), co-creation through prototyping, and action-research. His current research work are on three areas: (1) the prototype as a (cosmo)political device, (2) the public health service as a space for citizenship, and (3) the urban public space as political interface.

Martín Tironi, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Ph.D en el Centre de Sociologie de l’Innovation (CSI), Ecole des Mines de Paris. Académico e investigador de la Escuela de Diseño de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC). El Comendador 1916, Providencia, Santiago, Chile. martin.tironi@uc.cl

Manuela Garretón, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Magister de la New York University (NYU). Académico e investigador de la Escuela de Diseño de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (PUC). El Comendador 1916, Providencia, Santiago, Chile.

Ricardo Vega, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Diseñador y artista, MFA Technology (Parsons, The New School, Nueva York), trabaja en temas relativos a la visualización de información, programación aplicada en el diseño y el arte. Tiene particular interés en temas relativos a la tecnología y sus implicancias sociales, culturales y artisticas. Actualmente es docente de la Escuela de Diseño de la Universidad Católica.

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Publicado

2017-07-12